Tuesday, February 2, 2010

30 most important innovations in Medicine

The 30 innovations chosen on the basis of articles published in The Journal of the American Medical Association and the New England Journal of Medicine in the past 25 years. 225 physicians who graduated before 1980 were surveyed based on several factors. The ranking of the 30 medical innovations in the study are as follows:

1. MRI and CT
2. ACE inhibitors
3. Balloon angioplasty
4. Statins
5. Mammography
6. Coronary artery bypass graft
7. Proton pump inhibitors and H2 blockers
8. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and new non-SSRI antidepressants
9. Cataract extraction and lens implant
10. Hip and knee replacement
11. Ultrasonography and echocardiography
12. Gastrointestinal endoscopy
13. Inhaled steroids for asthma
14. Laparoscopic surgery
15. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and COX-2 inhibitors
16. Cardiac enzymes
17. Fluoroquinolones
18. New hypoglycemic agents
19. HIV testing and treatment
20. Tamoxifen
21. Prostate-specific antigen testing
22. Long-acting and local opioid anesthetics
23. Helicobacter pylori testing and treatment
24. Bone densitometry
25. Third-generation cephalosporins
26. Calcium channel blockers
27. Intravenous conscious sedation
28. Sildenafil (Viagra)
29. Nonsedating antihistamines
30. Bone marrow transplant

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